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Globals

⚠️ Only available in EdgeDB 2.0 or later.

This section describes the SDL commands pertaining to global variables.

Declare a new global variable:

Copy
global current_user_id -> uuid;
global current_user := (
    select User filter .id = global current_user_id
);

Set the global variable to a specific value using session-level commands:

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set global current_user_id :=
    <uuid>'00ea8eaa-02f9-11ed-a676-6bd11cc6c557';

Use the computed global variable that is based on the value that was just set:

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select global current_user { name };

Reset the global variable to its default value:

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reset global user_id;

Define a new global variable corresponding to the more explicit DDL commands.

Global variable declaration:
[{required | optional}] [single]
  global name -> type
  [ "{"
      [ default := expression ; ]
      [ annotation-declarations ]
      ...
    "}" ]

Computed global variable declaration:
[{required | optional}] [{single | multi}]
  global name := expression;

There two different forms of global declaration, as shown in the syntax synopsis above. The first form is for defining a global variable that can be set in a session. The second form is not directly set, but instead it is computed based on an expression, potentially deriving its value from other global variables.

The following options are available:

required

If specified, the global variable is considered required. It is an error for this variable to have an empty value. If a global variable is declared required, it must also declare a default value.

optional

This is the default qualifier assumed when no qualifier is specified, but it can also be specified explicitly. The global variable is considered optional, i.e. it is possible for the variable to have an empty value.

multi

Specifies that the global variable may have a set of values. Only computed global variables can have this qualifier.

single

Specifies that the global variable must have at most a single value. It is assumed that a global variable is single if nether multi nor single qualifier is specified. All non-computed global variables must be single.

name

Specifies the name of the global variable. The name has to be either fully-qualified with the module name it belongs to or it will be assumed to belong to the module in which it appears.

type

The type must be a valid type expression denoting a non-abstract scalar or a container type.

name := expression

Defines a computed global variable. The provided expression can be any valid EdgeQL expression, including one referring to other global variables. The type of a computed global variable is not limited to scalar and container types, but also includes object types. So it is possible to use that to define a global object variable based on an another global scalar variable.

For example:

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# Global scalar variable that can be set in a session:
global current_user_id -> uuid;
# Global computed object based on that:
global current_user := (
    select User filter .id = global current_user_id
);

The valid SDL sub-declarations are listed below:

default := expression

Specifies the default value for the global variable as an EdgeQL expression. The default value is used by the session if the value was not explicitly specified or by the client or was reset with the reset command.

annotation-declarations

Set global variable annotation to a given value.

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